The purpose of practical life exercises is to give the child the opportunity to learn how to break down jobs at hand into easily manageable components. They stimulate the development of conscious, controlled and functional knowledge of surrounding events. These exercises all require real tools: silverware, wood, glass etc.- all items that reflect and typify an actual home environment.
Early childhood brings the ideal opportunity to give learning tools to the child. Because of his or her young age, the child is willing to work and is receptive to instructions. They work for the simple joy of doing the task at hand, and that is why the teacher is an important catalyst that helps them appreciate the value and dignity in the work itself. The main areas in the practical life exercises involve grace and courtesy, care of the person, and care of the indoor environment.
As the child builds success upon success with small tasks, he or she is able to move and go on to bigger ones, feeling proud of mastering his or her environment. It is fascinating how children show attachment to this area; in general, this is the first area they visit at the beginning of the day
The cultural area includes geography, science and the arts. The child learns about the difference between world cultures and our ever-changing environment. Geography is the study of the Earth, including its people, resources, climate, and physical features. Teaching Geography helps the child develop a clear sense of spatial orientation. By giving children sensory impressions of the Earth and showing them their own relationship to it, Montessori lessons help develop a foundation of global awareness. In addition, Geography lessons explore different world cultures. Through exposure to cultural traditions and lifestyles, Geography lessons allow the child to become aware of other cultures and develop respect them, which is critical in today’s global community.
The main purpose of the science area is to sharpen the child’s observation skills and extend the surrounding world through activities that involve biology and physics. The child explores basic concepts about the human body, plants, animals, eco-systems, and environmental care and preservation. He or she explores tasks that introduce them to learning about magnetism, optics (through the use of magnifying glasses), and simple machines.
In the Montessori environment, the art area is essential: the child has the opportunity to freely express his or her feelings and ideas and develop his or her creativity and sensitivity. It’s not the end product that’s important but the process he or she experiences while creating it. It is essential to allow the child to experiment and flow spontaneously, so he or she can discover, admire, and feel awe. The development of the artistic area brings countless intellectual, social, and emotional benefits to the child